What is a Binary Option?
A binary option is a type of option in which the payoff can take only two possible outcomes. It gives a return of a fixed amount of money if the option expires “in-the-money” or “out-of-the-money.”

What is Forex trading?

Foreign exchange, commonly known as ‘Forex’ or ‘FX’, is the exchange of one currency for another at an agreed exchange price on the over-the-counter (OTC) market.

what is CFD trading?

A CFD, or Contract for Difference, is an agreement between two parties to exchange the difference between the opening price and closing price of a contract. You can use CFDs to trade and speculate on the price movements of thousands of financial markets regardless of whether prices are rising or falling.

How does a contract for difference work?
A CFD is a tradable instrument that mirrors the movements of the asset underlying it. It allows for profits or losses to be realized when the underlying asset moves in relation to the position taken, but the actual underlying asset is never owned. Essentially, it is a contract between the client and the broker.

The difference between Forex and CFD trading:
The main differences between CFD trading and Forex trading is that CFD trading involves different types of contracts covering a diverse set of markets, such as indices, energy, and metals, whereas Forex offers pure currency trading.

What is CFTC?

Commodity Futures Trading Commission – CFTC regulates the commodity futures and options markets. Its goals include the promotion of competitive and efficient futures markets and the protection of investors against manipulation, abusive trade practices and fraud.

What is SEC?

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is an independent, federal government agency responsible for protecting investors, maintaining fair and orderly functioning of securities markets, and facilitating capital formation. The SEC promotes full public disclosure, protects investors against fraudulent and manipulative practices in the market, and monitors corporate takeover actions in the United States.

What is IOSCO?

The International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) is an association of organisations that regulate the world’s securities and futures markets. Members are typically the Securities Commission or the main financial regulator from each country.

What is ESMA?

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) is a European Union financial regulatory institution and European Supervisory Authority. ESMA works in the field of securities legislation and regulation to improve the functioning of financial markets in Europe, strengthening investor protection and co-operation between national competent authorities.

What is mutual fund?

A mutual fund is an investment vehicle made up of a pool of funds collected from many investors for the purpose of investing in securities such as stocks, bonds, money market instruments and similar assets. Mutual funds are operated by money managers, who invest the fund’s capital and attempt to produce capital gains and income for the fund’s investors. A mutual fund’s portfolio is structured and maintained to match the investment objectives stated in its prospectus.

What is open-end fund?

An open-end fund is a type of mutual fund that does not have restrictions on the amount of shares the fund can issue. The majority of mutual funds are open-end, providing investors with a useful and convenient investing vehicle.

what is crowdfunding?

Crowdfunding is the practice of funding a project or venture by raising monetary contributions from a large number of people. Crowdfunding is a form of crowdsourcing and of alternative finance.

what is cryptocurrency?

A cryptocurrency (or crypto currency) is a digital asset designed to work as a medium of exchange using cryptography to secure the transactions and to control the creation of additional units of the currency. Cryptocurrencies are a subset of alternative currencies, or specifically of digital currencies.
Bitcoin is the first decentralized cryptocurrency created. Since then, numerous cryptocurrencies have been emerged. Bitcoin and its derivatives use decentralized control as opposed to centralized electronic money/centralized banking systems. The decentralized control is related to the use of bitcoin’s blockchain transaction database in the role of a distributed ledger.